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This Newly Discovered Ant Has A Metal Spike On Its Head And Was Probably A Vampire

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Scientists have discovered a new type of ‘hell ant’ – a species with terrifying spiky mouthparts reinforced with metal and used for drinking the blood of its enemies.

Thankfully, these insects have been extinct for a while, but a 98-million-year-old amber specimen has now revealed stunning detail of the prehistoric species, including a curious metal component in its jaws.

The newly described Linguamyrmex vladi belongs to a group known as ‘hell ants’ or haidomyrmecines, an extinct bunch that lived in the Cretaceous period and characterised by strange, vertically moving mouthparts.




Hell ants aren’t actually the ancestors of the tiny critters we see today, and instead belong to a stem-group which went extinct before the common ancestor of all modern ants appeared on the scene to start its lineage.

And given how scary some of those hell ant features sound, we’re almost grateful that the worst we have to deal with these days are “just” bullet ants and fire ants.

Instead of plain old downward-facing mandibles, L. vladi sported giant blade-like scythes that pointed upward – a feature you won’t find in any ant living today.

For comparison, here are the mandibles of a typical modern ant:

It appears that these spiky jaws were surrounded by trigger hairs which are similar to those used by trap-jaw ants today – the same ones that help an ant’s jaws to snap shut at a horrifying speed.

This ant also had a reinforced horn-like appendage or ‘paddle’ on top of its jaws, and it’s possible it used that to clamp down on its prey once it thrusted the upward-facing mandibles into the prey’s body.

The researchers, led by Phillip Barden from New Jersey Institute of Technology, also discovered a tube-like channel between the mandibles, and think the ants probably sucked on their food rather than chewed it.

Since the weird jaws wouldn’t really accommodate for chewing action.

The mandibles and paddle of Linguamyrmex may have functioned to puncture soft-bodied prey and feed on the haemolymph,” the team writes in the study.

Helpfully, the specimen was found in its ambery grave next to a large larva of a beetle, which would have been perfect soft-bodied prey for a liquid-sucking predator.

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Pass it on: New Scientist

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