A NASA sun-studying spacecraft just entered the record books.
In April of 1976, the German-American Helios 2 probe made spaceflight’s closest-ever solar approach, cruising within 26.55 million miles (42.73 million kilometers) of the sun.
But NASA’s Parker Solar Probe zoomed inside that distance today (Oct. 29), crossing the threshold at about 1:04 p.m. EDT (1704 GMT), agency officials said.
Helios 2 also set the mark back then for fastest speed relative to the sun, at 153,454 mph (246,960 km/h).
The Parker Solar Probe is expected to best that today as well, reaching higher speeds at about 10:54 p.m. EDT (0254 GMT on Oct. 30), NASA officials said.
These records will fall again and again over the course of the Parker Solar Probe’s $1.5 billion mission, which began Aug. 12 with a liftoff from Florida’s Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
The spacecraft will study the sun during 24 close flybys over the next seven years, getting closer and closer to our star with each encounter.
The Parker Solar Probe’s final flyby, in 2025, will bring the craft within a mere 3.83 million miles (6.16 million km) of the sun’s surface.
And the sun’s powerful gravity will eventually accelerate the probe to a top speed of around 430,000 mph (690,000 km/h), NASA officials have said.
The first of these two dozen close encounters is just around the corner: It officially begins Wednesday (Oct. 31), with perihelion (closest solar approach) coming on the night of Nov. 5.
“It’s been just 78 days since Parker Solar Probe launched, and we’ve now come closer to our star than any other spacecraft in history,” mission project manager Andy Driesman, from the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland, said in a statement.
“It’s a proud moment for the team, though we remain focused on our first solar encounter, which begins on Oct. 31.”
The spacecraft sports a special carbon-composite shield to protect itself and its instruments from intense heat and radiation during its close flybys.
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